Saturday, May 30, 2015

Wednesday, May 27, 2015

Win Hemp stuff and support Farmers

Dear Reader,  Here is a chance to get one of twenty five hemp gifts.  Take a look at the prizes in the image and show your support for the Farmers who grow our most precious resource: "The Food We Eat"

Why shouldn't Farmers be allowed to grow a plant with 100's of uses? 

Take Action through May 31 for a chance to win 1-of-25 hemp stuffed gifts!

Sign the Vote Hemp Petition by May 31 in support of the Industrial Hemp Farming Act and automatically be enrolled for a chance at 1-of-25 hemp-stuffed thank you gift packs from Hemp History Week sponsors and supporters. Together we can put pressure on Congress to remove industrial hemp from the Controlled Substances Act and once again allow U.S. farmers to grow hemp. Sign the Petition here:

http://votehemp.com/hemp-history-week-petition.php

Attend a Town Hall meeting through May 29 while Senators work from their home districts. Don't miss this opportunity to meet your Senators in person and ask them to support the Industrial Hemp Farming Act, S. 134. Visit Vote Hemp's website to search for your Senators' contact information, then call their office or search their website to learn about engagement opportunities in your area.

Call your Senators' DC offices and ask them to support the Industrial Hemp Farming Act, S. 134. We want to put the pressure on leading up to a May 29 Vote Hemp Congressional Hearing. Calls are answered by Senator aids; let these aids know about the upcoming Congressional Hearing and urge them to attend. Visit Vote Hemp's website to find Senators' DC contact information.

Hemp History Week is June 1-7. Thank you for being involved!

Sow the Seed.

Peace & Hemp,
Lauren Berlekamp
National Grassroots Coordinator
Hemp History Week
events@hemphistoryweek.com
www.HempHistoryWeek.com
Like Us on Facebook
Follow Us on Twitter
Take Action!

More Info

Hemp History Week is the largest national grassroots marketing and public education effort to renew strong support for hemp farming in the U.S. and raise awareness about the benefits of hemp products.

Hemp History Week seeks to:
Celebrate America's rich history with industrial hemp and educate the public about the barriers to hemp farming in the United States.
Advocate for a federal policy change while sending a strong, positive message to President Barack Obama and Congress to remove barriers to hemp farming and let farmers grow the versatile and profitable crop.
Engage consumers by showcasing the range of hemp products available and the nutritional as well as environmental benefits that they provide.
Please forward this announcement widely and get involved.

Save the Date: The 6th Annual Hemp History Week is June 1-7, 2015!

Web Site: http://www.HempHistoryWeek.com
About Vote Hemp
Vote Hemp is a national, single-issue, nonprofit organization dedicated to the acceptance of and free market for industrial hemp, low-THC oilseed and fiber varieties of Cannabis, and to changes in current law to allow U.S. farmers to grow the crop.

Web Site: http://www.VoteHemp.com
About the Hemp Industries Association
The Hemp Industries Association (HIA) represents the interests of the hemp industry and encourages the research and development of new products made from industrial hemp, oilseed and fiber varieties of Cannabis.

Web Site: http://www.TheHIA.org

Monday, May 18, 2015

Hemp Farming Infrastructure Lessons

I've been watching and taking a few notes on the Kentucky and European Industrial Hemp Farmers and Hemp processing plants and the business lessons they are learning on the Fly.

This MOhemp Energy blog post will compare its business plan against the lack of planning of the Kentucky hemp farmers are now dealing with.

The snippets of information from hemp.com highlight how easily the Hemp Plants grow but then what?  Without the infrastructure (hemp processing plant) they're dead in the water as far as immediate income potential. 

MOhemp by working directly with Farmers in the growing, harvesting, and processing the Raw Hemp Materials into actual Products for use eliminates the Kentucky Lack of Hemp Infrastructure. 

Here are the snippets from the Hemp.com site that backup my claim:
          "There is still no successful infrastructure to allow local area farmers and land owners the distribution networks they need to supply commercial hemp product companies with their industrial hemp crop.
              ...the hemp crops have begun to flourish at a mind-blowing rate. The industrial hemp stalks have now grown from 6 feet to a whopping 16 feet in just two months...
                “It’s exciting,” University of Kentucky plant researcher David Williams said. “It’s new. It has potential... plans to harvest the industrial hemp crop in September and compare its growth to the 12 other varieties of hemp he has planted. “I think we can grow larger plants with a full growing season,”
             At another industrial hemp plot, Williams says he is very happy with his 7 to 8 foot plants, exclaiming, “We did have one little dry spell after planting, but have not irrigated this crop, so it’s doing quite well,” As you can read in hemp news, the crop doesn’t take much to grow and maintain. Like a weed, it will virtually grow anywhere and in any type of soil. Williams also said he wishes to experiment with fertilizers and herbicides. “This is just a baby step this year…It’s a tiny, tiny step in a very positive direction, but there’s lots that we need to know.” "
http://www.hemp.com/2014/08/update-kentucky-hemp-is-flourishing/

Sunday, May 17, 2015

The Future and Green Buildings

Copied from Executive Summary-Sectors With Expected Growth The future for green building is not exclusive to one build- ing or project type. However, there are some areas with higher expected growth.


overall, between 2012 and 2015, the sectors with the largest opportunities for green building around the world include new construction and renovation projects. Between now and 2015, 63% of firms have new green commercial projects planned, 45% have plans for new green institutional projects, and 50% have plans for green renovation work.

United States (US) an established green build- ing market, there is planned green activity in all types of us construction projects, including commercial interiors and retrofits. probably one of the most important shifts is the increased importance of the health and well-being benefits as a reason to build green. evidence of these benefits will help move the us market.

McGraw-Hill Construction Research & Analytics 34 Crosby Drive, Suite 201 Bedford, MA 01730
1-800-591-4462
MHC_Analytics@mcgraw-hill.com 
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Vqop2jirhH9k8fXoAaWO8toQ72HeFrO8jDaamhWWWn4/edit?usp=docslist_api

Hemp oil production SeedOil stats

Hemp Oil Production  link

Using the previously mentioned information and average yields of 37 Gal / Acre

200 acres

Oil- 7,400 gals

@ $2.50/gal= $18,500 (or $92.5 / Acre)-

@ $3.00/gal= $22,200 (or $111.11 / Acre)

Farmer receives 3,700 Gallons of Fuel for the Land Use: $9,200.00 at $2.50/gal

1000 Acres

Oil- 37,000 Gallons

@ $2.50/gal= $92,500 ( or $92.5 / Acre)

@ $3.00/gal=$111,000 (or $111 / Acre)

Seed Cake Production and Sales

By Product of the biodiesel production is what I call the Seed Cake or Cake.  The seed pressers compresses the seeds- Oil is produced as well as Cake see Pictures (x) that can then be fed to Livestock as a high protein supplement/feedstock.  If the Farmer does not have a use for the Cake, the company can either buy the cake from the farmer, or sell the cake for the Farmer.

average yield is between 600 to 800 lbs per acre Hemp Seeds are 30% Oil = 420-560= 490 lbs/acre  

490 @ $1.00/lb= $490.00

490 @ $.50/lb=$245.00

I place a value on this cake at: $X / lb (note see how much alfalfa, soy, etc cake costs for a comparison)

http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/econ9631 Production is estimated using information on yield and acres harvested. Industrial hemp yield (grain or fibre) varies with variety, plant population, soil conditions, timing of harvest, and annual climatic conditions. The highest seed yield recorded to date in Canada has topped 2,000 lbs per acre; an average yield is between 600 to 800 lbs per acre, but rising (Canadian Hemp Trade Alliance). An acre will also produce an average of 5,300 lbs of straw, which can be transformed into about 1,300 lbs of fibre.

In Manitoba, hemp grain yields range from 100 to 1,200 lbs per acre while yield for crops grown and managed solely as fibre crops, range from 1 to 6 tonnes per acre (Manitoba Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives online report). The link to the report is as follows:http://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/crops/hemp/bko02s00.html). Typical grain yields in Saskatchewan vary from 660 to 1,071 lbs per acre (740 to 1,200 kg per hectare2). In Alberta, hemp grain yield from research plots have been found to vary from 196 lbs per acre (220 kg per hectare), to about 1,607 lbs per acre (1,800 kg per hectare)3. The expected yield would likely average nearly 759 lbs per acre (850 kg per hectare). Hemp straw yield under dryland conditions have an average of between 2.4 to 4.8 tonnes per acre (6 to 12 tonnes per hectare) for the higher yielding varieties like Crag (Alberta Agricultural Research Institute, 2008).

Detailed market information for hemp seed is not directly available. Based on discussion with some producers in Alberta, the cash sales price of hemp seed in 2011 was approximately 90 cents to $1.00. As shown in Table 3, Canada had 38,828 licensed acres in 2011. Over 80 percent of this was for seed production. Even though average yield vary, a reasonable yield estimate is approximately 1,100 lbs per acre (500 kg per acre). Based on this price and yield estimate, Canadian hemp seed production is estimated at approximately 15,513 tonnes assuming all acres cultivated to seed were harvested. This translates to estimated gross revenue of between $30.75 million to $34.17 million ($990 to $1,100 per acre)

It is important to understand, therefore, that the quality of modern hemp seed for human consumption far exceeds anything produced historically. This seed meal should be distinguished from the protein-rich, oil-poor seed cake remaining after oil has been expressed, that is used for livestock feed. The seed cake is also referred to as “seed meal,” and has proven to be excellent for animals (Mustafa et al. 1999).

Food:

Hemp seed can be pressed into a nutritious oil, which contains the highest amount of fatty acids in the plant kingdom. Essential oils are responsible for our immune system responses, and clear the arteries of cholesterol and plaque.2

The byproduct of pressing the oil from hemp seed is high quality protein seed cake. It can be sprouted (malted) or ground and baked into cakes, breads, and casseroles. Hemp seed protein is one of mankind's finest, most complete and available-to-the-body vegetable proteins. 2 http://www.hempcar.org/hempfacts.shtml

Hemp seed was the world's number one wild and domestic bird seed until the 1937 Marijuana prohibition law. Four million pounds of hemp seed for songbirds were sold at retail in the U.S. in 1937. Birds will pick hemp seeds out and eat them first from a pile of mixed seed. Birds in the wild live longer and breed more with hemp seed in their diet, using the oil for the feathers and their overall health. 2

1 acre produces 715 lbs seed cake https://books.google.com/books?id=w0qvkVGO0sgC&pg=PA30&lpg=PA30&dq=hemp+production+cake+per+acre&source=bl&ots=DoXfUKGONA&sig=SWcUMI49BQN7ZaFW71futs0Dw5g&hl=en&sa=X&ei=-qcQVeS-EIi9ggTryYLgDw&ved=0CB8Q6AEwATgK#v=onepage&q=hemp%20production%20cake%20per%20acre&f=false

Oil Crops Outlook Economic Research Service ERS

http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/usda/current/OCS/OCS-03-12-2015.pdf

Description:Examines supply, use, prices, and trade for oil crops (primarily soybeans and products), including supply and demand prospects in major importing and exporting countries. Includes information on cottonseed, peanuts, sunflowerseed, tropical oils, corn oil, and animal fats.Publication Coverage: Jan 13, 1995 to Mar 12, 2015

Latest Releases: Oil Crops Outlook, 03.12.2015

Year

Soybeans Cottonseed Sunflowerseed Canola Peanuts Flaxseed

$/bushel  $/short ton  $/cwt. $/cwt.Cents/pound $/bushel

2009/10    

  9.59         158.00     15.10   16.20     21.70             8.15

2010/11    

 11.30       161.00     23.30   19.30      22.50             12.20

2011/12     

 12.50      260.00     29.10    24.00    31.80       13.90

2012/13    

 14.40        252.00     25.40     26.50    30.10       13.80

2013/14    

 13.00       246.00     21.40    20.60    24.90       13.80

Farm Crop Income Comparisons

University of Missouri Crop Resource Guide-5 year average annual value of Missouri corn production between 2010 and 2014 $2,028,491,200.00 http://crops.missouri.edu/audit/corn.htm#budget

2015 Corn Crop Budgetc

Dryland Corn

(after beans)

Irrigated Corn

Yield/ac.

135 bu.

185 bu.

Market Price/Bu.

$3.70

$3.70

Estimated Income/Acre

Grain Sales (yield x price/bushel)

$499.50

$684.50

Estimated Total Income/Acre

$499.50

$684.50

Estimated Operating Costs/Acre

Seed

$101.25

$108.00

Fertilizer and soil amendments

118.80

153.00

Crop protection chemicals

58.00

58.00

Crop supplies, testing

1.00

1.00

Crop insurance

21.00

21.00

Custom application

6.00

6.00

Energy: machinery fuel, drying, irrigation

42.07

91.88

Machinery repairs and maintenance

16.78

50.27

Value of operator and hired labor

15.73

22.61

Operating interest @ 6% x ½ year

11.42

15.35

Total Operating Costs/Acre

$392.05

$527.11

Estimated Ownership Costs/Acre

Farm business overhead

$4.53

$4.80

Machinery overhead

25.70

47.77

Machinery depreciation

29.50

51.46

Real estate charge

160.00

200.00

Total Ownership Costs/Acre

$219.78

$304.03

Estimated Total Costs/Acre

$611.78

$831.15

Income over Operating Costs/Acre

$107.45

$157.39

Income over Total Costs/Acre

-$112.28

-$146.65

Operating costs/bushel

$2.90

$2.85

Ownership costs/bushel

$1.63

$1.64

Total costs/bushel

$4.53

$4.49

Missouri Soybean Facts

Five-year average annual value of Missouri soybean production between 2010 and 2014a $2,476,185,600 http://crops.missouri.edu/audit/soybean.htm

One Bushel of Soybean Produces:

1.5 gallons of soy oil AND

48 pounds of soybean meal, which supplies 21 pounds of protein animal feed.

Industrial uses of soybean are inks, plastics, solvents and biodiesel.

2015 Soybean Crop Budget

Soybeans

Yield/ac. 45 bu.

Market Price/Bu. $9.00

Estimated Income/Acre

Crop income(yield x price/bushel) $405.00

Estimated Total Income/Acre $405.00

Estimated Operating Costs/Acre

Seed $68.00

Fertilizer and soil amendments 55.10

Crop chemicals 51.00

Crop supplies, testing 1.00

Crop insurance 12.00

Custom application 6.00

Machinery fuel 16.22

Machinery repairs and maintenance 12.30

Value of operator and hired labor 13.47

Operating interest @ 6% for ½ year 7.05

Total Operating Costs/Acre $242.13

Estimated Ownership Costs/ Acre

Farm business overhead $5.10

Machinery overhead 18.35

Machinery depreciation 23.33

Real estate charge 160.00

Total Ownership Costs/Acre $206.78

Estimated Total Costs/Acre $448.92

Income over Operating Cost/Acre $162.87

Income over Total Costs/Acre -$43.92

Operating costs/bushel $5.38

Ownership costs/bushel $4.60

Total costs/bushel $9.98

Friday, May 15, 2015

NEWS RELEASE Agriculture STATISTICS HEARTLAND MISSOURI




 FIELD OFFICE 601 Business Loop 70 West, Suite 213E, Columbia, Missouri 65203
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: Bob Garino May 2015 (800) 551-1014
USDA SEEKS INPUT FROM GROWERS ABOUT 2015 CROPS, STOCKS, INVENTORIES, VALUES
Columbia, MO – During the next several weeks, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National
Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) will conduct two major mid-year surveys, the June Agricultural
Survey and the June Area Survey. The agency will survey over 6000 farms across Missouri to determine
crop acreage for 2015 and stocks on hand as of June 1.
“Due to the widespread impact of its results, the June Agricultural Survey, also known as the Crops/Stocks Survey, and the June Area Survey, are two of the most significant surveys NASS conducts,” explained Bob Garino, director of the NASS Missouri Office.
“Information growers provide serves as the first clear sign of the prospective production and supply of major commodities in the United States for the 2015 crop year.”
NASS gathers the data for the June Agriculture Survey online, by mail and/or by phone. For the June Area Survey, agency representatives will visit randomly selected tracts of land and interview the operators of any farm or ranch on that land. Growers will provide information on crop acreage – including biotech crops—as well as grain stocks, livestock inventory, cash rents, land values, and value of sales.
NASS will compile and analyze the survey information and publish the results in a series of USDA reports, including the annual Acreage report and quarterly Grain Stocks report, both to be released June30, 2015. Survey data contribute to NASS’s monthly and annual Crop Production reports, as well as the annual Small Grains Summary and USDA’s monthly World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates.
As with all NASS surveys, information provided by respondents is kept strictly confidential, as required by federal law.
“NASS safeguards the privacy of all responses and publishes only state- and national-level data, ensuring that no individual operation or producer can be identified,” stated Garino. “We recognize this is
a hectic time for farmers around the state, but the information they provide is essential to everyone involved in U.S. agriculture. I urge them to respond to these surveys and thank them for their cooperation,” he added.
All reports are available on the NASS website: www.nass.usda.gov. For more information on
NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Missouri Field Office at (800) 551-1014.
###
NASS provides accurate, timely, useful and objective statistics in service to U.S. agriculture. We invite you provide occasional feedback on our
products and services. Sign up at http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/subscriptions and look for “NASS Data User Community.”
USDA is an equal opportunity provider, employer and lender. To file a complaint of discrimination, write: USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights,
1400 Independence Ave., S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272 (voice), or (202) 720-6382 (TDD).

Thursday, May 14, 2015

hemp foods body care markets

Info provided by HIA .  The hemp foods and body-care markets alone were estimated at $620 million in 2014 -- up 21% from the year previous. And this doesn’t reflect the potential in building materials and bio-composites, both of which will surpass foods and body care in light of their potential to help reach federal carbon-reduction goals . . . and move into broad mainstream application. 

   

The Hemp Industries Association (HIA) is a non-profit trade group representing hemp companies, researchers and supporters. We are at the forefront of the drive for fair and equal treatment of industrial hemp. Since 1994, the HIA has been dedicated to education, industry development, and the accelerated expansion of hemp world market supply and demand. Read more-http://www.thehia.org/

Biodiesel Advice by USfreedomfuels

John advises:

Let me start by saying, any triglyceride oil will work for producing Biodiesel fuel. This includes beef fat, pork fat, chicken fat, and fish oils. I have even produced excellent Biodiesel from mink oil.

When you open your mind to options other than WVO, the options truly become limitless.

For example, you could use Palm oil or sunflower oil, both make great fuel.

You could use algae.

The algae need to have the water removed, then pressed to extract the oil. Algae contain about 50% oil by weight, and it is completely renewable, grows like crazy, and can be harvested from the same plates every 24 hours.

Now that I have your mind open to alternative feedstocks, I want to caution you.

Do your homework.

Each feedstock has a unique requirement for extracting, handling and processing.

Your geographical location will be the determining factor in your feedstock choice.

For example; we are currently working with a farmer from Idaho.
He is 60 miles from the nearest city.  WVO is not readily available, so he has planted a dozen acres with Camelina.

He purchased a small screw press, and he will have a yield of 5000 gallons of oil from his Camelina.
This is enough to operate his farm, and heat his home.

His first year savings based on the current off-road diesel price of $2.50 per gallon will be $8500.

Another customer from Nova Scotia had access to 700 tons of mink oil per year. Mink oil has excellent low temperature flow ability, no special handling was required.

700 tons works out to 14,000 gallons of the finest Biodiesel fuel I have ever seen.

It has the color of Kerosene, and the BTU's of #2 diesel fuel. The first year saving, based on current Canadian fuel prices will be in excess of $45,000.

Two great examples of looking outside the box!

Whether you build your fuel from WVO, Chicken Fat, Soy Beans, or Salmon, the result is the same.
You will be doing your part to reduce our dependency on foreign oil, and saving yourself some serious money.  (Or Industrial Hemp like MOhemp is planning)

Regardless of your feedstock, we have a Processor to handle the job, and give you the results you deserve!

ASTM Spec Biodiesel Fuel, Consistently!
Warm Regards,

John Harrod, President
U.S. Freedom Bio Fuels, LLC
847-756-7600
http://www.usfreedombiofuels.com
U.S. Freedom Bio Fuels LLC

369 Scout Rd
Mosinee, WI
54455

Wednesday, May 13, 2015

Statewide Farming with MOHemp

Scotty writes- MOhemp can be a successful venture on a smaller scale.  Per the Oregon Study and what the Colorado hemp growers have accomplished in the past few years (see preceding blog posts).  It is possible to make money in the Industrial Hemp business.

What differentiates MOhemp from other business models is the total Farm-to-Market approach for the finished goods.  And the reasoning behind the importance of building and operation of the MOhemp Hemp processing facility and its Statewide approach that enlists Farmers statewide.

This is part if the quandary that I'm dealing with. 
1-I've received an offer to operate and manage a hemp farm in Arizona. 
2-I've also received investment and business solicitation from outside the USA.
3-I could grow Industrial Hemp on a small farm.

To truly make a difference in cutting pollution will require: more than one small farms production of hemp seeds for nonpolluting biodiesel and energy efficient building products. 

I'll admit a small scale hemp operation will have benefits that a large scale hemp business would entail.  But then I would really only be helping myself.  I wouldn't be helping Missouri Farmers statewide grow their own non polluting Fuel. And or- I wouldn't be building more than 1 energy efficient home per year. 

I truly want to make a difference on a grand scale-  Jobs, Income, Pollution Free Energy, Green Buildings for more than just myself.  Which is why I'm seeking partners and investors for MOhemp.

Disruptive Investors Wanted

Snippets of info contained in the MOhemp startup business plan for investors.

The Green Building MOhemp Crew will utilize the products made by the company to build new and renovate existing buildings for energy efficiency and creature comforts.

It would benefical for the company to have a display home or building that utilizes the company made hemp products.  Showcasing how great the product is and the wide variety of uses.  (In addition to a company store.)

This will also give the company a building to test for real life energy stats, fire resistance demonstrations, advertising, product building demonstrated, community relations, and more.

The products showcased: Hemp Hurds and Fibers will be used as Natural Sustainable and VOC free insulation.  

Europe and other countries have been utilizing the hemp plant for a few years now, advertised using the Timber Frame construction techniques.

For New Construction: Hempcrete can be adapted into the different types of construction used today.  

Standard Framing such as the home in South Carolina, deemed America's first Hempcrete Home.

I compare the European Timber Frame Construction techniques to American Post Frame building technology.

The most economical way to build buildings is by utilizing the Post Frame Construction Techniques.  This is very similar to the Timber Frame Construction Technique.  What is appealing for this type of construction is the reduced lumber needs.

MOhemp Building Products will also be available for purchase in the company store, online website ordering, and through building suppliers/lumber yards.

Snippets of information from the MOhemp business startup plan.

Sunday, May 3, 2015

Economic Job Impact Hemp Plant

The proposed MOhemp industrial hemp processing facility to provide StLouis economy much needed employment opportunities.

Does Kentucky (or any state for that matter) really have an edge in the industrial hemp market?

Could any one state circumvent federal hemp growing restrictions to capture the early innovator profit? This is particularly critical in establishing certified seed production, which is estimated to have the highest return.

The economic impact if Kentucky again becomes the main source for certified industrial hemp seed in the United States is estimated at 69 fulltime equivalent jobs and $1,300,000 in worker earnings.

The total economic impact in Kentucky, assuming one industrial hemp processing facility locating in Kentucky and selling certified seed to other growers, would be 303 full-time equivalent jobs and $6,700,000 in worker earnings.

If two processing facilities were established in Kentucky, industrial hemp would have an economic impact of 537 full-time equivalent jobs and $12,100,000 in worker earnings.

If one processing facility and one industrial hemp paper-pulp plant were established in Kentucky, industrial hemp would have an economic impact of 771 full-time equivalent jobs and $17,600,000 in worker earnings.

These economic impact estimates reflect possible outcomes for Kentucky given a national industrial hemp industry that is focused in specialty niche activities that have already been demonstrated to work in Europe.

It is important to remember, however, that technologies are under development that may allow industrial hemp products to compete in bulk commodity markets.

The economic impacts that would occur if these technologies were found to be commercially feasible would be substantially greater than those identified in this report.

INDUSTRIAL HEMP:

GLOBAL OPERATIONS, LOCAL IMPLICATIONS

Valerie L. Vantreese

Ms. Vantreese is an economist with the Department of Agricultural Economics, College of

Agriculture, University of Kentucky. She can be reached at

Valerie L. Vantreese

406 Agricultural Engineering Building

Department of Agricultural Economics

University of Kentucky

Lexington, KY 40546-0276

(859) 257-7272 Ext. 259

vaskren@uky.edu

Colorado Hemp Farming since 2013

In 2013, he became the country’s first hemp farmer in nearly six decades.

Written By Tobie Baker via
Cortez Journal

Have you sold your crop?

Loflin answered in the affirmative. He sold almost a ton of hemp stalks last year to an Oklahoma firm, which processed the woody fibers into foam insulation.

“It’s a brand-new product that’s not even on the market yet,” he said.

Envisioning the launch of a hemp magazine printed on hemp paper, Loflin said he also has sold stalk to a paper manufacturer.

Sold to a California-based company, the flower material has been used to produce medicine for a friend suffering from cancer, he said.

He has kept the seeds his farm has produced on his farm, about 1,300 pounds of seed from a 7-acre crop last year, Loflin said.

“I’m planting 40 acres this year, so I should have about 24,000 pounds of seed this time next year,” he said.

What kind of equipment is needed?

Loflin said his first 28-acre crop was harvested by hand. Last season, he used a side sickle bar mower to better capture the flower material from 7 acres.

“If you don’t care about the flowers, and you only want to harvest the seed, then you can just use a combine,” Loflin said.

“It’s very simple. We set the cylinder height to a wheat setting.”

For those only wishing to collect the fiber material, Loflin said a swather was adequate. Yet, a double-cut combine can harvest the seed and stalk in a single pass, he said.

For paper production, he said an ordinary wood chipper could process the stalks for a paper mill.

Do you irrigate?

Because of seed issues, Loflin believes it’s too risky to attempt dry-land farming at this time. He said industrial hemp could survive on 10 to 12 inches of water annually, but the more water, the better the crop.

For fiber production, industrial hemp requires a 120-day growth cycle.
Seed production requires closer to five months.

How much seed is needed?

Loflin recommended 20 to 30 pounds per acre, depending on the cultivar or strain. He said the seed should be planted no deeper than a half-inch.

How much does the seed cost?

Despite reports that unscrupulous suppliers were selling a single seed for $200, Loflin said fair market prices for industrial hemp seed was between $5 and $7 per pound.

A single seed can produce hundreds of seeds.
“I won’t sell my seed for more than $10 a pound,” he said.

INDUSTRIAL HEMP BUILDING ENERGY EFFICIENT HOMES NATURALLY

Building Product grown by MissouriFarmers

That could be used by Missouri Craftsmen to build Energy Efficient Sustainable Missouri Homes
This is the Ultimate in Buying Local!

I’m from a farming/ranching background and now in the Construction Business.  I’ve been following how the hemp plant fibers can be utilized to build highly energy efficient homes when they are mixed a couple of natural products- Scotty

One of the products I’ve been following is called hempcrete.  It has the strength of concrete and is also energy efficient, removes and traps carbon from the air as it ages.  This to me is the ultimate in sustainability for future Missouri Homes and Buildings.  

I’ve also been researching how:
-hemp seeds can be turned into a form of oil and can be used as a bio diesel product for the transportation industry.  

I’ve also seen a video by Henry Ford that showed he used the fibers from a plant to make early auto parts that were strong enough to take a blow from a hammer without damage.  

I’d like to see the State of Missouri Leading on the use of the industrial hemp plant-instead of falling behind other states and countries where it is working to create Sustainable Economies.  Scotty

In my quest to promote affordable sustainable buildings for the St Louis region has lead me to discover a new building product that provides high Rvalue for energy efficiency and has the strength of concrete!

I appreciate all the medicinal applications of Cannabis but what really turns my crank is the uses of the Industrial Cannabis or Industrial Hemp products: Food, Fuel, Building Products, etc.  I've been focusing my efforts on the Hemp + Lime mixture that some people call #Hempcrete  used in making buildings energy efficient naturally.
And when I learned that this revolutionary building product could be locally grown I believe I stumbled upon a viable solution that exceeds the needs of the growing Sustainable Driven Community.
This is the Ultimate in Buying Local!
One of the issues I’ve found while working on the brick buildings in the StLouis Region is the challenge of having adequate insulation on the exterior walls of the Masonry Structures.
These CAD designs by Scotty is one of the latest designs reflecting how this insulation could be installed over a Grid of #4 structural reinforcement.
Brick Wall 2’0 Rebar Reinforcement Detail
Hempcrete Wall RValues
4 Inch Layer of Hempcrete = R14.2
Multiwythe St Louis Brick Building= R5
Total Wall RValue=19.2
Reinforcement Dowel Rod Pin #4
Stay Tuned for more information.  I will soon be posting information from a Sustainable Builder who has been involved in the Hemp Building Industry in Europe.

Mr Greg Flavall,  has given these suggestions:
Depending on age of buildings u can ascertain whether lime mortar was used or cement. Older buildings used lime in which case u could add hemp/lime “plaster ” to exterior or interior to increase efficiency as we have done many times in Europe. If cement forget it; you’re asking for problems.

In UK we have had problems in the early days adding hempcrete to cement mortared brick clad buildings bc they do not breathe and the hemp has deteriorated;…

Also u can use an alkali resistant mesh cloth embedded into the Hempcrete for added flexural strength and no need for steel reinforcing unless you are horizontally affixing steel plates to retain brick structure
Regards,

Mr G. Flavall, Hemp Technologies; advertises these Industrial Hempcrete Characteristics

Thermal Mass Insulation
Negative Carbon
Low Density
Clean Air
High Thermal Resistance
High Thermal Inertia
Vapour Permeable (breathable)
Design Flexibility (adjustable thickness)
Fire and Pest Resistant (NO Termites)
Significantly Reduce Co2
Emissions
Inherently Airtight
No Waste
No Mould
No Termites
No Dry Rot
Natural Substrates for Plasters and Renders
Low Air Infiltration
ZERO LAND FILL

Hemp Farming

Industrial Hemp Plants Strains-

have been cultivated to meet certain end uses, example: whether they are grown for fiber or seed oil, growing conditions, weather, water, etc.  Since our companies end product covers both of these applications.  I will be proposing a middle of the road Hemp Plant that produces both fibers and seeds.  This is not set in stone it will be what is suggested to the Farmers.  If its determined that a Farmer does not have an end use or is not interested in the Feedstock part of the Seed press process.  I will suggest a strain of hemp plant that produces mostly seeds.

Industrial Hemp Information provided by my Contact at Hemp Technologies- Greg Flavall and Andrea Herman-

Basics:

Industrial Hemp (iHemp) is made up of varieties of “Cannabis Sativa” that contain less than 0.3% Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). It is an annual broadleaf plant with a taproot and is capable of very rapid growth under ideal growing conditions. The female flowers and seeds are indeterminate, meaning that there are both ripe and immature seeds on the same plants at the time of grain harvest.

Fibre hemp plants will grow to 2-4 meters tall without branching. In dense plantings (i.e.: seed drilled) the bottom leaves fall off due to lack of sunlight and the male plants die back after shedding pollen, generally 4-5 weeks into the growing cycle, lasting approx. 1 week.

The stem has an outer bark that contains the long, tough bast fibers. They are similar in length to soft wood fibers and are very low in lignin content. Hemp rope, textiles and clothing is made from these fibers. The core contains the “hurds” or “Shives” (short fibers), similar to hard wood fibers and these are used for building, particleboard (MDF) and pet bedding, as well as plastics.

For grain production the plant may branch and reach heights of 2-3 meters. Tall plants do not mean more grain and shorter plants are preferred for combing. In well structured and well drained soils the taproot may penetrate 15-30 cm deep (12”). In compacted soils the taproot remains short and the plant produces more lateral, fibrous roots.

Growing:

Each iHemp variety has its own set of characteristics; small or large seed, low or high oil content, different oil composition, etc….

Varieties grown for fibre may contain from 15-25% bast fibres. As markets develop contracts to grow iHemp may specify the exact varieties that will meet specific market needs.

iHemp varieties tested in Ontario, Canada so far have all been of European origin with the exception of new Ontario-bred varieties such as “Anka” and “Carmen” and they come in 2 types; “dioecious”, which have male & female flower parts on separate plants (i.e.: “Kompolti” and “Unico B”) and “monoecious”, which have male & female flower parts on the same plant (i.e.: “Ferimon” and “Futura”). A 3rd type of cultivar, known as female predominant, is a dioecious type that has 85-90% female plants. It is believed that this type of plant can yield more grain. Most French varieties are a hybrid of predominantly female types.

Only varieties of iHemp that are named in the list of approved cultivars, published by Health Canada, are approved for planting in Canada. These varieties are known to produce plants containing less than 0.3% Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) under normal conditions. The THC level may vary with stage of growth and increase under environmental stress conditions. They mature to fibre in 60-90 days and to grain in 110-150 days. Using home-grown or “common” seed is illegal.

Dual Purpose Crops:

Most of the French and Romanian cultivars are suitable for grain and fibre production however these tall cultivars present some challenges for harvesting because growers need also to consider that weather conditions after grain harvest (late August or September) may not be suitable for retting & drying the stalks. The FIN 314 variety, which will grow to a maximum height of 0.9 meters (36 inches) and other short-stalked grain types (1-1.5 meters) are not suitable for dual production. Industry trends seem to be moving specifically towards grain or fibre varieties.

Soil Conditions:

iHemp responds to a well drained, loam soil with pH (acidity) above 6.0. Neutral to slightly alkaline (pH7.0 - 7.5) is preferred. The higher the clay content of the soil the lower the yield of grain or fibre. Clay soils are easily compacted and iHemp is very sensitive to soil compaction. Young plants are very sensitive to wet soils or flooding during the first 3 weeks or until growth reaches the fourth internode (approx. 30 cm or 12” tall). Water damaged plants will remain stunted, resulting in a weedy, uneven and poor crop.

Poorly structured, drought-prone sandy soils provide very little natural fertility or support for the iHemp plant. Extra nutrients and water will be required to achieve maximum yields on these soils, hence the extra costs make production uneconomical.

Climate for Growing:

iHemp requires lots of moisture; approx. 3-400mm (10-13”) of rainfall equivalent. If that amount of rainfall does not occur during the growing season it is important to make use of early soil moisture and to get early ground cover to reduce surface evaporation, as well as maintain good weed control. About ½ of this moisture is required during flowering and seed set in order to produce maximum grain yields. Drought during this stage produces poorly developed grain heads and continued drought results in low yields of light grain. During the vegetative growth period iHemp responds to daytime high temperatures with increased growth and water needs. After the 3rd pair of leaves develop iHemp can survive daily low temperatures as low as -0.5 degrees Celsius for 4-5 days.

Fertility:

iHemp requires approximately the same fertility as a high-yielding crop of wheat. Apply up to 110kg/hectare of nitrogen, depending on soil fertility and past cropping history. Research also supports the application of 40-90kg/hectare of potash for fibre hemp. Base your phosphorus (P205) and potash (K20) applications on a recent soil test. To interpret soil test information, follow the nitrogen, phosphate and potash recommendations for winter wheat in OMAFRA publication 811, “Agronomy Guide for Field Crops”.

Hemp growers in some places may benefit from adding sulphur. It is important to balance the nutrients applied with then crop requirements and with each other. For example; excessive nitrogen, combined with inadequate potash, can result in stalk breakage and loss of crop !

Approximately 42% of the plant’s biomass returns to the soil in the form of leaves, roots and tops. These contain over half of the nutrients applied to the crop in the first place and many of these nutrients will be available to help feed the following crop.

Weed Control:

If hemp is planted into well-drained, fertile soil under nearly optimum temperature and moisture conditions, it will germinate quickly and reach 30 cm (12”) in 3-4 weeks from planting. At this stage it will give 90% ground shade. Weed growth is suppressed by the exclusion of light from the soil. A rapidly growing iHemp population of 200-250 plants per square meter will suppress nearly all weed growth, including twitch grass. For pre-plant site preparation guidelines, refer to OMAFRA Publication 75, “Guide to Weed Control”.

Weed suppression is not a permanent condition. Weeds may appear on the same field next year if the field is rotated out of iHemp production. Perennial grasses may be weakened or killed if iHemp is grown a 2nd year on the same ground however this practice increases the chance of crop diseases to develop.

Under grain production conditions weed suppression may be less complete; the lower plant population or uneven stands allow more light to penetrate the canopy, thus aiding the germination of weed seeds. Cross seeding may improve canopy distribution and subsequent weed control where early, shorter verities are grown. In conclusion; early planting, as soon as the soil is warm enough, is the recommended weed strategy.

Diseases and Pests:

More than 50 different viruses, bacteria, fungi and insect pests are known to affect the iHemp crop. However, iHemp’s rapid growth rate and vigorous nature allow it to overcome the attack of most diseases and pests.

Botrytis Cinerea (grey mould) and Scierotinia Scierotiorum (white mould) are common moulds affecting iHemp. Scierotinia also affects edible beans, canola and sunflowers. Mould spores may be spread by combines, other harvesting equipment and straw.

A 4-year crop rotation is recommended as a good practice to avoid disease build-up. Do not grow iHemp on the same fields following canola, edible beans, soybeans or sunflowers.

Wind and hail damage can be significant to the iHemp crop. Tall plants with lots of upper leaf mass can be bent quite easily by mid-to-late summer storms. Broken plants will recover partially if not broken too low. This results in significant variability in plant height and maturity at seed harvest time.

Harvesting Fibre:

Air-dry stem yields range from 2.5-14.0 metric tons of dry, retted stalks per hectare (1 to 5 tons/acre) at 12% moisture. Approx. one ton of bast fibre and 2-3 tons of core material can be decorticated from 3-4 tons of good quality, dry-retted straw.

Yield of fibre depends on both the stalk yield per hectare and the fibre content of the stalk. Varieties differ in the amount of actual fibre content and on the ratio of bast fibre to core material (hurds). Dioecious varieties originating in southern Europe give the highest stalk yields. For textile applications, cut the iHemp in the early flowering stage or while pollen is being shed, but before seed sets. Fibre that is cut after seed harvest will have lignified considerably and is usable only in some non-woven industrial fibre applications. In dioecious varieties the male plants die back after shedding pollen. This results in lower fibre yields if the straw is cut after grain has matured.

On small acreages, good quality sickle-bar mowers and hay swathers have been used to cut iHemp. Frequent plugging has been a constant problem with this equipment. It is important to keep knives sharp and in good repair at all times. As acreage increases, more sophisticated equipment may have to be imported or developed.

Retting (turning):

Retting is the process of beginning to separate the bast fibres from the hurds or other plant tissues. This is done in the field, taking advantage of the natural elements of dew, rain, wind and sun, or under controlled conditions using water (most common in China), enzymes or chemicals. The method chosen depends on the end use of the fibre or hurd. To date, suitable industrial processes of water and/or chemical retting have not been developed.

Successful field retting requires a delicate balance of nightly dews and good daytime conditions. Planting date and selection of variety are factors in predicting a suitable harvest date for your region.

The length of the retting process is critical for optimum fibre yield and quality. It normally takes 21-28 days to complete but dry weather and low dew conditions may require longer retting periods. In fact, the process can take a little as 2 weeks.

The “windrows” are turned vigorously once or twice with tines (rakes) to facilitate even retting of the windrow and to knock the leaves off the stems. It is important that the retting process be complete before baling, so that the fibres reach the desired colour and do not rot or discolour in storage. In wet conditions a 3rd turning may be necessary.

Baling and Storage:

Baling can be done with any kind of baler. Large round, soft-core balers may are more satisfactory, allowing bales to fry more quickly in storage. For some industrial processes, the buyer may require a uniform large, square bale, to fit into the processing system however this may present a challenge in preventing spoilage if the bales are stored for later delivery, as square bales are packed more tightly, allowing less air passage than round bales. Note: Sisal or Hemp twine must be used to tie bales because polyester and plastic twines become contaminants in the processing of hemp fibres.

Bales must be stored indoors under dry conditions to stop the retting process before the fibres become rotted. Stalk moisture should be less than 15% at time of baling and should continue to dry to about 10%. Hemp straw also absorbs air moisture quite readily.

Hemp Seed and Fibre Harvesting:

When iHemp is grown for both grain and fibre it is necessary to re-cut the tall stalks after combining. A combine can be modified to perform both functions at the same time by mounting a sickle-bar mower under the header to operate close to the ground.

It is expected that as markets for grain and fibre begin to differentiate dual harvesting will cease to be a common practice. Growers of small acreages will most likely continue to combine and cut stalks as 2 separate operations.

If straw is to be harvested after combining it is important that the weather conditions must also be suitable for drying the stalks for baling.

Combining Seed for iHemp:

Combining iHemp gives a special challenge to both the combine and the operator. In tall varieties large quantities of plant material are put thru the combine. iHemp straw contains very tough fibres that tend to wind around the moving parts. Fine fibres work into bearings, causing friction that can lead to bearing breakdown and combustion. These factors cause heavy machinery wear, high maintenance costs and a great deal of time loss and frustration on the part of the operator. Early grain varieties like “Fedora 19”, “FIN314” and “Fasamo” are shorter and easier to combine.

iHemp seed is harvested when the seed begins to shatter. At this optimum harvest time about 70% of the seeds are ripe at about 22-30% moisture. Later combining increases grain losses due to shattering, bird damage and lower quality grain. Mature fibres tend to wrap more tenaciously around moving parts on the combine.

Raising the cutting blade to about 1 meter (40”) or as high as the header will cut effectively, reduces the amount of material entering the combine. With shorter varieties use a “closer-to-normal” header position. The header knife must be kept sharp at all times to minimise winding of fibres on the sickle bar. Replacing the slatted feeder conveyor with a belt helps reduce the amount of fibre that winds on the feeder shaft. Exterior rotating shafts and pulleys that may come in contact with stalks should be protected when harvesting taller varieties.

Proper setting of the combine improves the yield and quality of the grain and reduces wear on the combine. Experiment with ground speed, concave openings, air and cylinder speeds. For conventional combines use the following:

250rpm Cylinder speed

1070rpm Fan speed

⅛” sieve

⅜” chaffer

Concave set tight

Run feeder housing chain loose in the corn position and close the pre-cleaner. Lower the beater gate, remove the curtains and install a speed-up kit for the beaters. Individual combine operators might find different settings work for their machines. Rotary combines seem to be less satisfactory for harvesting hemp grain because of tendency to plug more readily.

Some “volunteer” hemp (also called “Ditch Weed”) will likely appear in the fall or spring following the iHemp crop. These plants are illegal and must be destroyed before being discovered by local drug enforcement authorities. Thorough cultivation or seedbed preparation is effective.

___________________________________________

The Following Information is from my website:

GROWING INDUSTRIAL HEMP RESEARCH FOR THE NET ZERO HEMP HOME

[Find Additional Hemp Building Information Here and Green Blog Sustainable Hemp Home Information Here.  The following links have not been updated Scotty 2/2115]

In the previous articles on using Industrial Hemp for creating the net zero hemp home design  Industrial Hemp Home CAD designs by Scotty-Energy Efficient Post Frame and Hempcrete creating a Net Zero- Energy.  I supplied the basic building plans for building a 4 bed 2 bath home using a Post Frame build technique and then adding Hempcrete,, for the Wall Construction and Insulation also as floor and ceiling insulation.

HempCrete - Hemp Technologies suggests that: 1 x 15kg bag of Hemp mixed with our lime binder will make 4.5 - 5 cubic feet of ”Hempcrete”. 1 cubic meter (m3) = 35 cubic feet (f3) 1 cubic yard (y3) = 27

The first part in this series on Growing Industrial Hemp will be information that I've compiled that will aid in growing the Industrial Hemp Plant for the fibers needed to create this net zero hemp home.  Seed Selection, Soil Preparation, Growing Tips, Harvesting

Just as picking the seeds to grow a backyard garden, field of corn or soybeans.  The care in seed selection should be considered for Industrial Hemp production.  Any Farmer can relate to the desire for a bountiful harvest and just as they realize that it all starts in the seed selection to create this bountiful harvest, the same care should be given while selecting a strain of seeds that has the genes needed for Industrial Hemp Production.   The rest is left to Mother Nature and your talents as a hemp grower.   

For Industrial Hemp Building Uses- Industrial Hemp is planted very densely, as it grows it will perform its own weeding by blocking out the sun and not allowing weeds to grow.

   

This is worth repeating, since weeds are the enemies of     farmers anytime they can be controlled without herbicides is a winning scenario for both the farmers bank account and the farmers land-

-When hemp seeds are sown densely, as the hemp plants grow they will block out the sun and keep weeds from growing.    

The Hemp plant is also pest and disease resistant requiring no special treatment of harmful pesticides.  Hemp Reports suggest an average rainfall needs of 252 in per year.  Industrial Hemp can be grown in dryer locals as long as adequate irrigation is supplied.


"I will be inquiring into if Livestock, Deer, Sheep, etc would ravage a Hemp Field while foraging for food.  For peace of mind I will more than likely set up and use a Solar Fencing System as a protective border that would stop animals for eating my future home."

#Hemp. pic.twitter.com/6z85g46o4r

— Hemp Farmers (@HempFarmers) June 24, 2014


While good growing conditions are important for a crop to reach its full potential, that potential is determined by the genetic makeup of the plants being grown.

*

Remember the difference between the Medical Marijuana Cannabis Plants and Industrial Hemp Cannabis Plant

generally accepted THC level of  less than .3%

This post is about Industrial Hemp for fibers and seeds.  #HempBuilding #BioDiesel


The following information provided by Hemp Reports

If hemp is grown for fibre, it is sown very densely (a seed rate of 55-70 kg/ha is standard, though for very high quality textile fibre a much higher seed rate can be used

hemp grows so quickly, at this density hemp can effectively out compete weeds, and so weed control measures (herbicides) are not needed.

Hemp seed may be drilled or broadcast, though drilling is recommended for uniformity. A standard grain drill or modified alfalfa seeder can be used for sowing.

the most significant costs of growing hemp for fibre relative to other crops is the cost of seed

THC level of <0 .3 certified seed can be brought into Canada for approximately $2700/tonne. At a rate of 55-70 kg/ha, this translates to $61.80 to $78.75 per acre.

For comparison in the cost of Industrial Hemp to Corn and Soybeans look at the information provided by Agri-View

Link

The cost to grow corn, as producers know, depends heavily on location and soil quality. Last year, the total economic costs per acre for growing corn in Illinois averaged $739 in the northern section of the state, $717 in the mid-section with high-rated soil productivity of 86 to 100 ($687 in central Illinois with low soil ratings of 56 to 85) and $635 in southern Illinois.

Soybean costs per acre were $524, $539, $493 and $467, respectively. Costs were lower in southern Illinois primarily because of lower land costs, notes Zwilling.All economic costs on a per-bushel basis in the different sections of Wisconsin’s neighbor state ranged from $4.25 to $4.38 for corn and from $8.98 to $9.53 for soybeans. Variations in this cost were related to weather, yields and land quality.

Looking just at the northern Illinois producer records (377 farms, averaging 826 acres)—because of the closer proximity to southern Wisconsin—variable costs were $344 an acre for corn. Specifically, they were: Fertility, $118; pesticides, $44; seed, $95; drying, $19; and repairs, fuel and hire, $68. Variable costs were 14 percent less than the prior year.Other non-land costs for growing corn in northern Illinois were: Labor, $42; buildings, $17; storage, $6; machinery depreciation, $41; nonland interest, $50; and overhead, $57—for a total of $213 an acre. Total non-land costs came to $557 an acre (off 5 percent from ’09).

Land costs amounted to $30 for taxes and $152 for annually adjusted net rent for a total land cost of $182. Total costs per acre amounted to $739 an acre (down 4 percent from the previous year). The 2010 yields among these northern Illinois farmers averaged 174 bushels. Their nonland costs per bushel came to $3.20, and total costs to $4.25.

Additional Corn Growing Costs-Higher Production Costs

Link

Production inputs include seed, fertilizers, herbicides diesel fuel, and others.  For 2013 per acre costs he is using $109 for seed corn, $145 for fertilizer and lime, $25 for herbicide, $25 for crop insurance, $55 for fuel and repairs, $34 for grain drying, $32 for labor, $29 for interest and other costs.

The second is the cost of machinery ownership.  These costs are depreciation (an estimate of actual deprecation, not tax depreciation) and interest payments on machinery debt.  Hofstrand uses $54 per acre for machinery costs.

The third is the cost of cropland.  The annual cost of cropland is estimated using the cash rental rate.  By charging a land cost equal to the cash rental rate, the return for producing corn is the return to the farm operator (does not includes the landlord’s return).  Hofstrand uses a figure of $270 per acre for cash rent.

Hemp requires significant nutrient demands.

The figures of 120 kg/ha Nitrogen,

100 kg/ha phosphate, and

160 kg/ha potash

Irrigation is required if precipitation is less than 200mm over the course of the growing period.

Harvest period is critical, since after flowering, the quality of the bast fibres starts to decline.

Projected Yields:

dry matter yields range from 5-15 tons/ha, of which 12-40% can be bast fibre.

The yields generated by hemp depend greatly on the strain of seed being grown, and farming practices and conditions. Seeds bred for area with a shorter growing season, for example, will tend to flower too early, and so will have a reduced dry mass yield.

Hemcore has, for example, reported that the Hungarian varieties they have tested have had a 70% greater biomass yield than the French varieties.

The natural, or "unimproved" content of bast fibres in hemp stalks is only 12-15%. Through selective breeding programs, primarily in France, Ukraine, and Hungary, the current average is over 20% and many strains have been reported to yield over 30% bast fibre. Only in Hungary has any work been done on developing high yielding hybrids, and so as Dave West points out, "the genetic load of the crop is probably quite high, which would indicate opportunity to significantly improve the crop's productivity."

This information can be seen in full at the Google Document Link

Hemp Reports

Agronomics

There are two potentially viable approaches to growing hemp commercially: growing hemp for fibre or for seed. If hemp is grown for fibre, it is sown very densely (a seed rate of 55-70 kg/ha is standard, though for very high quality textile fibre a much higher seed rate can be used[5]). Since hemp grows so quickly, at this density hemp can effectively out compete weeds, and so weed control measures (herbicides) are not needed. If hemp is grown for seed, it is grown much less densely (typically 10 -15kg/ha[6]) and is not as effective at suppressing weeds, so herbicides will probably be required. Hemp seed may be drilled or broadcast, though drilling is recommended for uniformity. A standard grain drill or modified alfalfa seeder can be used for sowing.

Pesticides are generally considered unnecessary in the cultivation of hemp,[7] although researchers in Manitoba in 1995 reported that several pests had to be contended with.[8] For the purpose of this paper, pesticide use will be considered to be nil to reflect the majority of findings and hemp's organic farming potential. Another positive aspect of the crop is that once planted, no further husbandry is required until harvest, thereby minimizing labour costs and energy consumption.

Exhibit 3: Selected Crop Production Costs in Ontario 1995

Hemp for Fibre

OOperating Expenses:

Presently, one of the most significant costs of growing hemp for fibre relative to other crops is the cost of seed. To ensure that seed strains being used will meet the generally accepted THC level of <0 .3

Although hemp generally requires no pesticides or herbicides, it does have significant nutrient demands. The figures of 120 kg/ha Nitrogen, 100 kg/ha phosphate, and 160 kg/ha potash are used for the purpose of cost calculation. These figures derived from Hemcore's U.K. hemp growing experience are consistent with other research.[10] Irrigation is required if precipitation is less than 200mm over the course of the growing period. Harvest period is critical, since after flowering, the quality of the bast fibres starts to decline.

The operations required for growing hemp for fibre are: seeding, cutting, baling, and bale handling. According to a number of researchers, hemp can be cultivated using existing farm equipment, however, for harvesting some alterations maybe required. The machinery operating, investment and depreciation costs used in these calculations are based on Ontario and Manitoba corn production costs, but reflect the need for more robust equipment and /or higher repair costs due to the toughness of the crop.[11] Storage may also be necessary, depending on the specific end use of the crop.

Although hemp generally requires no pesticides or herbicides, it does have significant nutrient demands. The figures of 120 kg/ha Nitrogen, 100 kg/ha phosphate, and 160 kg/ha potash are used for the purpose of cost calculation. These figures derived from Hemcore's U.K. hemp growing experience are consistent with other research.[10] Irrigation is required if precipitation is less than 200mm over the course of the growing period. Harvest period is critical, since after flowering, the quality of the bast fibres starts to decline.

The operations required for growing hemp for fibre are: seeding, cutting, baling, and bale handling. According to a number of researchers, hemp can be cultivated using existing farm equipment, however, for harvesting some alterations maybe required. The machinery operating, investment and depreciation costs used in these calculations are based on Ontario and Manitoba corn production costs, but reflect the need for more robust equipment and /or higher repair costs due to the toughness of the crop.[11] Storage may also be necessary, depending on the specific end use of the crop.

Projected Yields:

Claims for hemp fibre yields vary radically. Reported dry matter yields range from 5-15 tons/ha, of which 12-40% can be bast fibre. The yields generated by hemp depend greatly on the strain of seed being grown, and farming practices and conditions. Seeds bred for area with a shorter growing season, for example, will tend to flower too early, and so will have a reduced dry mass yield. Hemcore has, for example, reported that the Hungarian varieties they have tested have had a 70% greater biomass yield than the French varieties. Furthermore, three years of trials resulted in average yields of approximately 10.5 dm(dry matter)t/ha, while their first year of commercial crops yielded only 5.0 dmt/ha. Having no seeds bred specifically for its growing conditions, the U.K., like Canada, depends on seeds developed for other climes, so initial commercial results are naturally relatively low.

The natural, or "unimproved" content of bast fibres in hemp stalks is only 12-15%. Through selective breeding programs, primarily in France, Ukraine, and Hungary, the current average is over 20% and many strains have been reported to yield over 30% bast fibre.[12] Only in Hungary has any work been done on developing high yielding hybrids, and so as Dave West points out, "the genetic load of the crop is probably quite high, which would indicate opportunity to significantly improve the crop's productivity."[13]

Initial results from Canadian hemp researchers reveal dry mass yields lower than in other parts of the world. Australian farmers reported yields of 8-10t/ha, Ukrainian farmers 8-10t/ha, Dutch farmers 10-14t/ha, while in the U.K., in contrast, commercial yields of only 5-7t/ha were reported. Jack Moes, New Crops Agronomist for Manitoba Agriculture reported yields from their first year of test of 4500-7700 kg/ha for seven different varieties, while A.E.Slinkard of the University of Saskatchewan reported yields of 7100-9500 kg/ha. For the purposes of comparison, then a low and high estimate of dry matter and bast fibre yield will be calculated. A low , but realistic first crop yield of 6t/ha will be compared with realistic future yields of 10t/ha. Such yields would very likely be achievable on a commercial level after a few years of cultivation experience and seed breeding. Also, a low bast fibre yield of 22% will be contrasted with a high yield of 30%, for a range of 1.3-3.0 t/ha. This difference can be accounted for by seed variety and planting density.

Break-even Price for Whole Stalk (Farmgate $/tonne):

Exhibits 3 and 4 detail the expected costs per acre of growing hemp, and compares it to the costs of growing canola and spring wheat in Saskatchewan, and canola and grain corn in Ontario. Machinery costs are estimated using equipment intensive corn cultivation and harvesting as a comparable, and the high demands hemp places on equipment have also been factored in. The final figures are in line with the experience of Canadian hemp farmers, but lower hemp farmers in some other countries. Australian farmers, for instance, estimated their costs to grow, harvest, manage and secure their hemp crops to be US$240/t. This figure however, includes irrigation and storage costs, and the crop was also picked up by hand after being cut by machine and left to ret in the field. Note that the most significant cost of hemp relative to the other crops is the cost of seed, over half of which is the cost of transport.[14]

Below are the prices required at farmgate for break-even, depending on the yield of stalk realized. These prices are intended to cover ALL fixed and variable costs incurred by the farmer.

Yield (tonnes/acre)



2.5t/ac

3t/ac

3.5t/ac

4t/ac

Seeding @ 55kg/ha

107.24

89.37

76.60

67.00

Seeding @ 70kg/ha

114.00

95.00

81.43

71.25


Biodiesel Information and Production

Frequently Asked Questions about Biodiesel

Why are there "contains biodiesel" labels on fuel pumps?

On July 1, a new state law goes into effect that requires all pumps selling B6 to B20 biodiesel blends to be labeled.

What is B11?

B11 (11% biodiesel, 89% petroleum diesel) is the most commonly used blend, because state legislature created tax benefits for those who sell and use biodiesel blends above 10%. B11 offers comparable cost to #2 diesel fuel and increased benefits for consumers.

Where's biodiesel made?

Biodiesel is a fuel made from any vegetable oil or animal fat that goes through a refinery process called transesterification. The most commonly used feedstock in the United States is soybean oil. Because biodiesel is made from American-grown feed stocks, every gallon of biodiesel purchased helps move the U.S. closer to energy independence.

How is biodiesel renewable?

Biodiesel is made from renewable feed stocks that are grown every year in the U.S. Unlike petroleum diesel made from earth's steadily depleting fossil fuel resources, we can continue to raise more feedstock's for biodiesel.

Is biodiesel good for the environment?

Biodiesel is the only alternative fuel to have fully completed the health effects testing requirements of the Clean Air Act. The use of biodiesel in a conventional diesel engine results in substantial reduction of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and particulate matter compared to emissions from diesel fuel. In addition, the exhaust emissions of sulfur oxides and sulfates (major components of acid rain) from biodiesel are essentially eliminated compared to diesel.

Does biodiesel perform as well as diesel?

Yes. Biodiesel can be used in existing engines and fuel injection equipment. It has a higher cetane number than diesel fuel. Biodiesel also has superior lubricity and has the highest BTU content of any alternative fuel (B11 is comparable to #2 diesel fuel).

Does using biodiesel put an engine warranty at risk?

No. Engine manufacturers warrant engines. Biodiesel is treated the same as any fuel you would use in your engine. Our biodiesel processors produce ASTM spec commercial grade fuel.

Does biodiesel clog fuel filters?

Biodiesel acts as a solvent, removing petroleum buildup and cleaning fuel injectors, fuel lines, tanks and delivery systems over time. When first using biodiesel, you may need to change filters more frequently until the whole system has been cleaned of the deposits left by the petrodiesel. The same phenomenon has been observed when switching from #2 to #1 petrodiesel. With petroleum buildup eliminated, performance is enhanced.

Does biodiesel provide as much power as diesel?

Yes. Biodiesel offers enhanced power from higher cetane, plus improved lubricity for less engine wear and tear. One of the major advantages of biodiesel is the fact that it can be used in existing engines and fuel injection equipment with little impact on operating performance. In more than 1.5 billion on-road miles and countless marine and off-road applications, biodiesel shows similar fuel consumption, horsepower, torque and haulage rates to conventional diesel fuel.

Is biodiesel easy to find?

Yes, look for the biodiesel label on fuel pumps. There are many fuel stations in 49 states sell biodiesel.

Does biodiesel have as much sulfur as petroleum diesel?

Biodiesel contains no sulfur. In fact, it is an excellent lubricant and can be blended with petroleum diesel to restore the lubricating properties petrodiesel loses when sulfur is removed.

Do I have to modify my engine to use biodiesel?

Any vehicle that operates on diesel fuel can switch to biodiesel without engine modifications. Many municipal and school fleets are using biodiesel blends to improve air quality and reduce emissions. In fact, more than 1,000 major fleets in the U.S. run on biodiesel!

Does biodiesel have an ASTM standard?

Biodiesel has a full ASTM standard. The American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM)—the premier standard-setting organization in the United States—issued Specification D 6751 for all biodiesel fuel bought and sold in the U.S.

MOHemp Ag Division

B: Agriculture and Seed Oil and Cake Production

Agriculture Equipment

Harvestor

2 Medium Sized Tractors with Loaders

1 Round Baler

1 Windrower/Rake

1 Oil Press

1 Dehuler

1 Seed Cleaner

Bio Diesel System

2 Semis and 2 Flat Bed/Low Boy Trailers-

Diesel Storage Tank

Diesel Generator (Equipment Power Supply)

2 Pickup Trucks

2 5th wheel trailers

2 Containers to house the processing equipment and storage

Most farmers involved in the Crop Farming Business have the field preparation equipment needed to get the land prepared and planted for growing hemp.

What they don't have is the specialized machinery to harvest the crop.  This is where the the company's custom harvest traveling crew comes into play.  Ensuring that the Hemp plant is harvested per the companies specs before being processed into usable Bio Fuel.

1)Contact and Enroll Missouri Landowners

2)Supply Seeds to Farmers in Early Spring

Prior to this Soil Samples are taken to determine soil qualities and needed Fertilizers needed for optimum growth.

3)Assist in Field Prep and Planting Mar-June

4)Periodic Checks with Farmer During Growing Season

5)Harvest Hemp Plants Late Summer/ early Fall

6)Harvesting Consists of Separating the Seeds from the Plant Material.

Seeds then are Ran through a Seed Cleaner, Dehuler, and Seed Press.  The seed press is used to press the oil out of the Seeds by compression system that mashes or squeezes.  Two useful products are created:

Seed Cake and Hemp Oil

7)Hemp Oil then moves to the next stage: Bio Diesel Production.  Upon Completion 1/2 goes to the farmer and 1/2 becomes the companies.

8)Ownership of the 1/2 of Seed Cake is then transferred to the Farmer for use in animal feed.  If the farmer does not require feed stocks the company will retain the product to market to other Farmers.

9)At the same time the bio diesel is being produced the remaining crew members will be processing the remaining hemp plant into Large Round Bales for transport to the Home Base for the remaining part of the product manufacturing process.

Note: the Hemp Oil and Seed Cake can be used in Medicinal and Food grade applications.  At this time I'm not exploring these end product uses.  I feel for medical/food applications the seeds would need to be processed in an area that is Food Grade approved.  I don't believe a field processing unit meets this standard for Human Consumption.  (This is something to explore and plan for future company expansion and also will be an additional money maker for the company).

Sustainable Hemp Building Products

Reposted from HempTechnologies Greg and Andrea, I'm working on proper tables for figures.

Hemp Brick Properties:

Dimension = 8” x 8” x 16”

Bulk Density (kg/m3) = 500

Compressive strength (MPa) = >2

R-value (Ft2 x F x hr/BTU) = R10.4

Flame spread/Smoke developed = O (ASTM E84)

HempBoards

HempBoard is available in 2’ x 4’ sheets only at this time - min. order is 10 sheets. Handling charges will be added for orders of less than 10 boards

Hemp Board has excellent internal bond strength and other performance characteristics that meets or exceeds the American National Standard’s Institute (ANSI) requirements for commercial particleboard


Hemp Batt Insulation

Product Name

Size thickness (in or mm)

Sq. Ft Price

Width (in)

Length

# of units on a pallet

Pallet coverage (sq ft)

Pallet Price

R-value

Weight (kg/m2)

Insulation

5.5 in

$2.25

15.25

48 in

48

256

$576.00

20

3.5

5.5 in

$2.25

23.25

48 in

32

256

$576.00

20

3.5










3.5 in

$1.69

15.25

48 in

72

384

$648.96

13

2.2

3.5 in

$1.69

23.25

48 in

48

384

$648.96

13

2.2









AcoustiHemp

2 mm

$1.20

15.25

48 in

144

768

$921.60

7

1.25









Naturfelt

3 mm

$0.50

39

49 ft

32

5120

$2,560.00

n/a

0.8

Organic Hemp Oil Orders:

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