What is biomass?
Also called lignocellulosic biomass and cellulosic biomass, biomass is green plant matter or biological mass (biomass) that is primarily made up of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. It is generally the “non-food” portion of plants. For example, using the corn plant, the kernels are starch (food), while the leaves, stalks and cobs are the biomass portion. In hemp, everything but the seed oil is considered to be biomass.
What are the intermediate products from biorefining of industrial hemp?
The three primary primary components of biomass are cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. The four dominant output product streams from PureHemp biorefineries are (1) glucose sugar and (2) pulp from cellulose; (3) xylose sugar from hemicellulose; and (4) lignin. These four intermediates are the foundation for producing a myriad of bioproducts including pulp-based products (tissues, toilet paper, etc.) alcohols, chemicals, fuels, nutraceuticals, pharmaceuticals, binders, coatings, adhesives, and other precursors for manufacturing plastics and composites.